LET Reviewer Professional Education Prof. Ed.: Principles of Learning and Motivation Part 1

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September 2021 LET Related Articles

Below is the Part 1 of Professional Education (Prof. Ed.) Principles and Theories of Learning and Motivation reviewer for Licensure Exam for Teachers (LET).

We encourage readers/ reviewees to use the comment boxes after the article for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are already incorporated below the questions.

1. Which theory operates on the “stimulus-response principle”, which means all behaviors are caused by external stimuli?
a. Contextual theory
b. Behaviorist theory
c. Cognitive theory
d. Constructivist theory

2. Ms. Erika in her Biology class accompanies her discussion with interesting visual aids. She strongly believes that students learn better when lessons are presented with images, real or imagined aside from mere lecture method. Which learning theory does she upholds?
a. Dual-Coding Theory
b. Information Processing Theory
c. Meaningful Reception Learning Theory
d. Social Cognitive Theory

3. Miss Rita is an excellent Physical Education teacher. She started teaching volleyball to her Grade 2 class. Despite all her efforts, her class does not seem to  learn how to play the game. What law of learning was disregarded?
a. Law of Disuse
b. Law of Effect
c. Law of Exercise
d. Law of Readiness

4. Teacher jay, a physical education teacher, demonstrates the new skill to be learned so that his students can watch him and later reproduce the skill. What learning theory is associated with the situation?
a. Dual-Coding Learning Theory
b. Information Processing
c. Schema Learning Theory
d. Social Learning

5. Patrice is always fearful of freely roaming dogs but does not mind dogs in a pen or on a leash. What feature of classical conditioning is exhibited?
a. Discrimination
b. Extinction
c. Generalization
d. Practice

6. A music teacher is careful in planning activities for each lesson. He praises liberally and rewards correct answers. What view of learning is exhibited?
a. Classical conditioning
b. Meaningful learning
c. Operant conditioning
d. Social learning

7. Which of the theories of learning presents or states that learning skills are hierarchically arranged?
a. Cumulative Learning
b. Meaningful Learning
c. Social Cognitive Learning
d. Theory of Instruction

8. Which of the following best describes what meaningful learning is?
a. When what is to be learned is new and easy for the students
b. Materials presented are difficult and challenging to the students
c. When the materials to be learned is related to what students already know
d. Students find the lessons easy and relevant to what was assigned to them

9. Rita easily remember dates and events in history. What component of LTM does Rita have?
a. Creative thinking
b. Critical thinking
c. Reflective thinking
d. Logical thinking

10. An Earth Science has just completed a unit on the sun. As she recognizes her next unit on other stars, she uses the sun as a frame of reference. What view of learning was used?
a. Discovery learning
b. Informative learning
c. Meaningful learning
d. Transfer learning

11. Which is an application of cognitive approach to motivation?
a. Explain the reasons for studying the topic
b. Create a supportive classroom climate for students
c. Provide clear and prompt feedback on assignments
d. Begin lessons with challenging questions and conflicting events

12. The first people power was held in February 25, 1986. What kind of knowledge is presented?
a. Conditional Knowledge
b. Cognitive Knowledge
c. Domain-Specific Knowledge
d. Procedural Knowledge

13. The students of Mrs. Reyes were not able to learn the concepts that she presented yesterday so she taught the same concepts again but this time using a different teaching method. What principle of learning was applied?
a. Concepts should be presented in varied and different ways
b. Effort was put forth when tasks are challenging
c. Learning by doing is more effective than just by sitting and listening
d. Learning is aided by formulating and asking questions

14. Alvin is a transferee and feels uneasy with his new school. His teacher is very accommodating, warm and caring. Alvin felt comfortable with the teacher display of genuine warmth. The teacher is consistent in his manner and Alvin began to associate school with the teacher’s warmth. Which theory is being illustrated?
a. Meaningful learning
b. Operant conditioning
c. Classical conditioning
d. Observational learning

15. After just being introduced to another guest in the party, Tom cannot remember the name of the guest he was introduced to. In what memory stage was the information stored in?
a. Episodic memory
b. Semantic memory
c. Sensory memory
d. Working memory

16. Vygotsky claimed that social interaction is important for learning. What does this imply?
a. Children are independent problem solvers
b. Children learn from adults and other children
c. Children learn by passive presentation of information
d. Children in the crib has no learning yet, since they are not capable of interaction

17. How would you help a student who is intelligent but is underachieving in class?
a. Provide challenging activities which he/she can accomplish
b. Recognize his talents by asking him/her to help other students with their work
c. Identify the immediate causes of difficulties that cause his/her being an underachiever
d. Allow him/her to work with the slow learner group to cope with the academic needs of the lesson.

18. Mrs. Corpuz always makes sure that her pre-school classroom is well organized and clean. She puts up interesting and colorful visuals on the bulletin boards. What principle of motivation was applied?
a. Incentives motivate learning
b. Internal motivation is longer lasting and more self-directive than is external motivation
c. Motivation is enhanced by the way in which instructional material is organized.
d. The environment can be used to focus the student’s attention on what needs to be learned.

19. For every correct answer, the teacher would give a star to her students. What schedule of reinforcement was used?
a. Fixed interval
b. Fixed ratio
c. Variable interval
d. Variable ratio

20. Marga, a six year old, always asked her playmates to sit in front of her small black board and she plays teacher. Her mother is a teacher. What theory explains Marga’s behavior?
a. Classical Conditioning
b. Operant Conditioning
c. Social Learning
d. Information Processing

21. What should the teacher do to help students learn psychomotor skills?
a. Teacher uses verbal explanation and description of the movements in addition to live demonstration of the movements
b. Teacher provides feedback to the learner about his/her progress
c. Teacher encourages the learner to practice, in order to maintain his/her sharpness of the movements
d. All of the above

22. The teacher presented a new lesson where in the students were asked to work on a new project which was somewhat complicated. The students showed interest while working on the project. What principle applies to the situation?
a. Effort was put forth when tasks are challenging
b. Lessons should be presented in varied and different ways
c. Meaningful materials are readily learned than nonsense materials
d. Teachers should provide opportunities for meaningful and appropriate practice

23. Maturation should precede certain types of learning. How is this applied in the classroom?
a. Concepts should be taught from simple to complex
b. Consider the age level of students in assigning tasks
c. Follow the interest of students in assigning tasks
d. Give the same task to all students in a particular grade level

24. Luz easily learns a lesson when she is working with laboratory equipment but hardly remembers a lesson the teacher lectured on. What type of learner is Luz?
a. Auditory Learner
b. Kinesthetic Learner
c. Tactile Learner
d. Visual Learner

25. Which of the following statements about motivation is false?
a. External motivation is longer lasting and more self-directive than internal motivation
b. Internal motivation is fueled by one’s goals or ambitions
c. Motivation is enhanced by the way in which the instructional material is organized
d. Motivation to perform is affected by expectancy and value

Answers: 1B 2A 3D 4D 5A 6C 7A 8C 9C 10C 11A 12B 13A 14B 15C 16B 17C 18D 19B 20C 21D 22A 23A 24D 25A


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22 comments… add one
  • Student Aug 31, 2016 @ 15:45

    Why is it that number 24 is letter D? Shouldn't it be letter B? Im confused ????

    • Anonymous Sep 16, 2016 @ 11:05

      yeah…i think it's kinesthetic too

    • Anonymous Jan 14, 2018 @ 12:07

      agree! it should be kinesthetic or tactile since same lang naman sila diba?

    • Unknown Aug 4, 2018 @ 20:35

      I think the answer in number 24 is letter C (Tactile learner).

      Tactile learner is a learning style in which learning takes place by the students carrying out physical activities of or connected with the sense of touch, rather than listening to a lecture or watching demonstrations.

    • Anonymous Sep 26, 2022 @ 13:42

      letter D is correct, since Visual is about seeing the object, she don’t understand lecturing because she is a visual person.

  • Unknown Sep 18, 2016 @ 17:21

    I think the answer in 24 is letter C. The student is a tactile learner because she learns through hands-on activities.

    • Unknown Sep 2, 2018 @ 15:39

      I agree:)

  • Unknown Mar 14, 2017 @ 17:53

    I think the answer for #14 is Classical Conditioning and not Operant Conditioning. In operant conditioning there is the presence of reinforcements. While in classical conditioning there is association of a particular thing to a another if it has been conditioned. Analyze the situation in number #14. That is an off shoot example of classical conditioning. Wherein the student associated school with the teacher's warmth.

    • Anonymous Jan 14, 2018 @ 12:07

      same thoughts!

    • Anonymous Jul 26, 2018 @ 14:57

      I think because the child sees the teacher's warmth as a reinforcement for him to feel that he belongs. If we say that it is classical conditioning there is a conditioning involved but in that case there is none.

      • Anonymous Aug 2, 2021 @ 21:54

        There is conditioning involved though? It’s in the sentence, the teacher is ‘consistent’

  • Anonymous Mar 22, 2017 @ 10:51

    Kindly rationalize the answer to question number 19. I personally think that the continuous schedule was utilized than those in the choices because it did not specify that for a number of desired responses, the reinforcement would be given (which is the characteristic of a fixed ratio schedule). It is rather continuous because the reinforcement was given every time the students get the correct answer.

    • Anonymous Jan 14, 2018 @ 12:08

      i also thought of this!

  • Anonymous Jul 11, 2017 @ 3:51


  • Anonymous Dec 1, 2017 @ 2:15

    Could you pls check number 3

    • Anonymous Jan 7, 2018 @ 22:12

      I think #3 is C

    • Anonymous Feb 1, 2018 @ 17:11

      I think its D. the fact that they are grade 2 pupils, it implies that they are not ready for this kind of sport. since so much effort has been given, it only means that there has been exercise all along.

  • laalaalang Jan 16, 2018 @ 2:31

    21. What should the teacher do to help students learn psychomotor skills?
    a. Teacher uses verbal explanation and description of the movements in addition to live demonstration of the movements
    b. Teacher provides feedback to the learner about his/her progress
    c. Teacher encourages the learner to practice, in order to maintain his/her sharpness of the movements
    d. All of the above

    definitely D

  • Anonymous Apr 11, 2018 @ 10:40

    Q.18 should be letter C. Having a conducive classroom increases motivation. And letter D doesn't even imply motivation.

  • Anonymous May 26, 2018 @ 2:50

    #18 D
    Environment is also a form of external motivation very enticing for the Preschoolers :)

  • Anonymous Sep 28, 2018 @ 3:40

    why is number 24 B?

  • Unknown Dec 9, 2019 @ 0:57

    Its C…Tactile…

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