LET Reviewer Professional Education Prof. Ed.: Principles of Learning and Motivation Part 2

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September 2021 LET Related Articles

Below is the Part 2 of Professional Education (Prof. Ed.) Principles and Theories of Learning and Motivation reviewer for Licensure Exam for Teachers (LET).

We encourage readers/ reviewees to use the comment boxes after the article for discussion. Meanwhile, answers are already incorporated below the questions.

1. Based on Bandura’s theory, which conditions must be present for a student to learn from a model?
I. Attention II. Retention III. Motor Reproduction IV. Motivation
a. I and II
b. I, II and III
c. I, II, III and IV
d. III and IV

2. Which of the following principles of learning applies to considering student’s age in presenting certain content and cognitive processes?
a. Principle of readiness
b. Principle of learning by doing
c. Principle of presenting challenging tasks
d. Principle of learning aided by formulating and asking questions

3. In classical conditioning, which are paired together in order to elicit the desired response?
a. UCS and NS
b. CS and NS
c. UCS and CS
d. UCR and NS

4. According to Thorndike, what law states that the strength of a connection is influenced by the consequences of the response?
a. Law of disuse
b. Law of effect
c. Law of exercise
d. Law of readiness

5. A burglary occurred in Jason’s neighborhood. Since then, Jason is very careful of locking their doors and closing windows. What theory best explains Jason’s behavior?
a. Observational learning
b. Imitation learning
c. Self-regulated learning
d. Vicarious learning

6. In observation and imitation learning, what should be the learner’s response when the teacher initially models the behavior?
a. Reproduce and match
b. Pay Attention
c. Imitate and practice
d. Shows satisfaction

7. What is the correct sequence of information processing?
a. Sensory register-STM-LTM
b. STM-sensory register-LTM
c. Sensory register-LTM-STM
d. LTM-sensory register- STM

8. What should be the hierarchy of the types of learning according to the cumulative learning theory?
1. Problem solving learning
2. Rule learning
3. Discrimination learning
4. Concept learning
a. 2-1-3-4
b. 2-1-4-3
c. 2-3-4-1
d. 2-4-3-1

9. Which is essential in meaningful reception learning?
a. Concepts are presented to learner and received by them.
b. Concepts are discovered by the learner
c. Concepts are related to one another
d. Concepts are solicited from the learners

10. Grace is bilingual. She speaks both English and Filipino fluently. She begins to study Spanish and immediately recognizes many similarities between the Spanish and Filipino languages and uses this information to acquire the new language faster. What kind of transfer was Grace able to use?
a. Lateral Transfer
b. General Transfer
c. Specific Transfer
d. Vertical Transfer

11. Cristina is almost asleep when she felt the need to go to the bathroom. She tried to sleep it off but after a while, she was forced to stand up and go to the bathroom. What theory of motivation explains Cristina’s behavior?
a. Attribution Theory
b. Drive Theory
c. Expentancies and Values Theory
d. Solomon’s Opponent Theory

12. Marko excels in adding numbers. He learned this skill in his Math class. He is now able to apply this skill in his Music class. What type of transfer was used?
a. Lateral transfer
b. General transfer
c. Specific transfer
d. Vertical transfer

13. Mr. Lorenzo would always give the chapter test on a Friday. What schedule of reinforcement is used by Mr. Lorenzo?
a. Fixed interval
b. Fixed ratio
c. Variable interval
d. Variable ratio

14. To remember the six digits, 8, 4, 3, 9, 4, 5, the Math teacher grouped the numbers in two’s 84, 39, 45 or in threes 843, 945. What control process of retaining information is referred to?
a. Chunking
b. Interfering
c. Rehearsing
d. Remembering

15. Rob regularly practice playing the guitar so he can finish Book I. His mother promised to buy him a Nintendo when he finishes Book I. How is Rob motivated?
a. Extrinsically
b. Intrinsically
c. with Self-Determination
d. with Self-Efficacy

16. Lara excels in dancing and in certain sports. According to Gardner what intelligence is dominant in Lara?
a. Bodily kinesthetic
b. Intrapersonal
c. Musical
d. Spatial

17. According to Bronfenbrenner, what system contains structures that has direct contact with the child?
a. Chronosystem
b. Exosystem
c. Mesosystem
d. Microsystem

18. Some learners like to find specific and concrete answers. What kind of learners are they?
a. Accomodators
b. Assimilators
c. Convergers
d. Divergers

19. Mrs. Mercado, the Home Economics teacher, constantly gives verbal guidance to her pupils while practicing a sewing skill. What is the value of giving verbal guidance in improving pupils learning behavior?
a. It promotes the growth of interest in the new learning tasks
b. It serves as informational feedback
c. It facilitates perfection of skills
d. It directs pupils’ attention to more adequate and better techniques

20. Why should learning be aided by formulating and asking questions?
a. Students will have a grade in recitation
b. Students will develop their self-confidence
c. The teacher will know who among the students can communicate very well
d. The teacher will not always do the talking but the students will be given a chance to do the same thing.

21. Ms. Baquiran, the VE teacher, and her pupils, while working on the concept of honesty, agreed that no cabinets and book cases would be locked throughout the day. Which principle in affective learning is being implemented?
a. Provide exemplary models
b. Provide appropriate practice
c. Provide for pleasant emotional experience
d. Provide for independent attitude cultivation

22. Instead of asking her students to write about their reaction to a story, the teacher asked her students to interpret the story in dance form. What principle of learning is considered?
a. Concepts should be presented in varied and different ways
b. Effort if put forth when tasks are challenging
c. Learning by doing is more effective than just sitting and listening
d. Learning is aided by formulating and asking questions

23. In performing the minuet, first raise your heel, second make three steps forward, third step make a point. What kind of knowledge was exhibited?
a. Conditional Knowledge
b. Declarative Knowledge
c. Domain-Specific Knowledge
d. Procedural Knowledge

24. Why should teachers provide positive feedback and realistic praise?
a. To motivate the students to study
b. So the students will know what to do
c. To be liked and loved by the students
d. So the students will praise him/her

25. Which statement does not refer to cognitive theories?
a. Prefer to concentrate on analyzing cognitive process
b. Conclusions are based on observation of external manifestations on learning
c. Study of the structures and components of information processing
d. Believe in non-observable behavior

Answers: 1C 2A 3A 4B 5D 6B 7A 8D 9C 10C 11C 12B 13A 14A 15C 16A 17D 18C 19B 20B 21B 22B 23D 24B 25B


This website believes that education is a right, not a privilege. This portal does not claim ownership to any materials posted. Likewise, questions are not influenced by PRC professional regulatory board. The main purpose of the reviewer is to assist examinees who chose to review online.

24 comments… add one
  • Unknown Aug 11, 2017 @ 15:16

    Question #8

    Cumulative learning theory arranged by order

    1 discrimination learning
    2 concrete concept learning
    3 rules learning
    4 problem solving
    Sa reviewer ng PNU ganyan ang tamang pagkkasunod. Nacheck ko dn sa net. So yung answer a item#8 ay wala ing sagot dun. Tama po ba?

    • Anonymous Aug 25, 2017 @ 13:54

      I believe you are correct. I searched for it and found out that it really begins with signal learning and ends with problem-solving. Based on the options, the order should be disc. Concept. Rule. Prob.

    • Anonymous Jul 20, 2020 @ 11:04

      Same thoughts

  • Unknown Aug 14, 2017 @ 1:24

    Bakit po ba C ang sagot ng number 11? ano po ang pagkakaiba ng Expectancy and Values Theory at ng Extrinsic Motivation?

  • Unknown Aug 14, 2017 @ 1:27

    I mean Drive Theory po pala tsaka Expectancy. Tsaka po yung sa number 15 naman po, ano po kaibahan ng Extrinsic motivation at self-determination. number 11 kasi para sa akin Drive Theory ang sagot while sa number 15 ay extrinsically. pwede po paki explain kung bakit yan po ang sagot. Baka po kasi mali lang ako ng understanding sa stem question.

    • Anonymous Jan 14, 2018 @ 12:31

      ito rin naisip ko for 15 and 11! huhu someone pls explain

    • laalaalang Jan 16, 2018 @ 2:59

      i agree with this

    • Unknown Feb 17, 2018 @ 7:08

      For me po, the reason why Expectancies & Values Theory Theory ang sagot is because yung problem po ay nagpapakita ng dalawang behavior. Ito po yung meaning nag Expectancy-Value Theory giling google.

      According to expectancy-value theory, behavior is a function of the expectancies one has and the value of the goal toward which one is working. Such an approach predicts that, when more than one behavior is possible, the behavior chosen will be the one with the largest combination of expected success and value.

  • Anonymous Jan 10, 2018 @ 8:06

    ito naman ang masasabi ko sa question #8… kung sa heirarchy nag-uumpisa sa baba pataas dpat ganito ang arrangement


  • Anonymous Jan 14, 2018 @ 12:36

    bakit po A ang sagot sa number 3? Hindi ba dapat letter C kasi UCS + CS = (CR) conditioned response meaning desired response??

    • Anonymous Apr 17, 2018 @ 8:11

      hindi po pwedeng ipair ang CS sa UCS. Kung CS na kasi sya, automatic magkakaroon na ng conditioned response, kahit walang stimulus. Pero kapag NS + UCS, doon pa lang nagmabubuo yung CS which results to CR.

  • laalaalang Jan 16, 2018 @ 3:02

    #22 shouldn't it be "A"
    the teacher didn't give a more challenging task, the task was simply varied

    22. Instead of asking her students to write about their reaction to a story, the teacher asked her students to interpret the story in dance form. What principle of learning is considered?
    a. Concepts should be presented in varied and different ways
    b. Effort if put forth when tasks are challenging
    c. Learning by doing is more effective than just sitting and listening
    d. Learning is aided by formulating and asking questions

    • Rea Jan 27, 2018 @ 4:19

      definitely agree with you Ma'am.

    • Unknown Feb 10, 2021 @ 1:30

      Sa akin C ang isasagot ko dito

  • Unknown Sep 11, 2018 @ 4:48

    Diba sa #1 kay Attention, Retention and Motivation lang?

    • Unknown Oct 15, 2019 @ 16:32

      Same thoughts and we are correct

  • Anonymous Sep 12, 2018 @ 21:07

    si #11 ay dapat drive theory.

  • Unknown Apr 27, 2019 @ 11:40

    #3 should be letter b, cs and ns to produce cr. In pavlov experiment, the ns or natural stimulus is the food. The cs or conditioned stimulus is the ringing of the bel. If the food and ringing of the bel is repeatedly presented to dog together , the dog will salivate when presented only the bel.thst salivation with just a bel is cr or conditioned response

    • Anonymous Jul 20, 2020 @ 10:21

      I think the correct answer is A.

      Let us revisit the dog experiment.

      Before the conditioning, the unconditioned stimulus (food) produces an unconditioned response (salivation), while the neutral stimulus (bell) produces the neutral response (no response).

      During the conditioning, the unconditioned stimulus is paired with neutral stimulus (food + bell) in order to produce an unconditioned response (salivation), which is the desired response.

      This is continuously rehearsed until the dog will learn to produce the conditioned response (salivation) from the conditioned stimulus (bell).

  • Unknown Jul 28, 2019 @ 8:19

    #24 the answer should be "A" right?

  • Unknown Jan 29, 2021 @ 2:34


  • Anon Ymous Jul 23, 2021 @ 19:08

    Aren’t the questions and answers taken from Carl Balita Review Center? There is a disclaimer here, perhaps the center could be asked re correct answers before posting because there are many who are confused or have conflicting answers. Or simply say something like, “the answers have been confirmed by the source” to appease readers/reviewees. Some comments, especially correct ones, could damage the reputation of the converned review center.

  • Anonymous Jun 21, 2022 @ 10:54

    Bakit po letter B ang answe sa number 4?
    Dapat Law of Exercise kasi strenghten connection.

  • Anonymous Jul 15, 2023 @ 14:07

    According to Thorndike, what law states that the strength of a connection is influenced by the consequences of the response?

    It said being influenced…which mean that there is the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of someone or something, or the effect itself: reason why it was LAW OF EFFECT instead of law of exercise.

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